14 yıl önce - Sal 08 Nis 2008, 01:36
Gaziantep - Castles
Castles - (More Photos)
Gaziantep Citadel, located in the centre of the city displays the historic past and architectural style of the city.
Although the history of castle is a mystery, as a result of the excavations conducted there, bronze age settlement layers are thought to exist under the section existing on the surface of the soil. The caste was built as an observation tower during the Roman Period and was enlarged over the course of time. It achieved its present appearance after undergoing restoration work during the period of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I in the 6th century AD. Approximately 100m in diameter and 1200 m in width, the castle incorporates 12 towers and bastions.
The ditch around the castle is 30 metres long and 10 metres deep (period of Justinian I). Access to castle is possible only via a bridge, which opens on the interior. It is said that one of the north towers of the castle is a Roman work of art and it is understood from the inscriptions that the ones on the west were constructed during the Memluk Period. As the inscription reveals further, the two towers on each side of the bridge were constructed during the period of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman.
In the castle, are remains of baths, cisterns, masjid and various other constructions. On the basement flor are halls, galleries and corridors constructed in order to provide a support for the upper construction and there is also a water source under the main block.
The castle has been called sitamrat, kal-a rhomayta, hromklay, ranculat, kal-at el rum, kal-at el muslimin, kale-i zerrin (gold castle) and rumkale.
The castle and its surroundings have been settled during assyrian, median, persian, hellenistic and roman periods. It is reported that john, one of the disciples of jesus christ, reproduced copies of the bible in a room carved from stone. İn xı . Century rumkale (hromgla) was an important middle ages city. In 1113 ad gregory ııı bought rumkale from joscelin's widow and moved the head of the bishopshipric to it. The patriarch yakubi ıgnace ıı built a church here. Thus rumkale became an important religious centre as well as a stragetic location. The memluk sultan melik el esref conquered it and had the regent of syria ,sancar suca ,restore it and it was then called kal'at el muslimin in 1292. When this region was under the sovereignty of the ottoman rule in 1516, rumkale was a county centre of birecik sub province of halep principality.
The castle and its structures
The castle, 120x200m. İn dimension,is on the platform which cut the natural rock vertically. Rampart is a construction formed by building cut stones on top of this natural platform. There are seven towers in the north and east ramparts. The extended rocky structure in the south was carved to form a ditch in the xıı. Century. There are two main entrances for the gate in the east and west directions. One can reach the east gate, which looks upon the euphrates, after passing over the river. In this way the original defence system has been formed.
Saint nerses church, the barsavma monastery ,cisterns and a well are all within the castle walls.
The well is 8 metres wide, almost 75 m. Deep, and goes down with steps to the level of the euphrates.
Poet saint nerses church which is located in the south of the castle has been constructed by poet saint nerses in 1173 for his name. The church has an east-west alignment with a rectangular lay-out. There are three sections with three apses, and a narthex in the west. Only the one section of the east front of the apses is on the soil.
(+) Erenköy Village (Near Rum Castle)
Barsavma monastery is siuated to the north of the castle. It was built in the xıı century by saint yakubi barsavma in his name. Some parts of the monastery remain standing today in the form of two adjacent constructions.
University of Gaziantep